ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIBING CRITERIA OF RESIDENTS
Objectives: To determine the residents’ criteria of prescribing antimicrobial drugs in the tertiary care hospitals where laboratory facilities are easily available.
Method: Questionnaires were applied to the residents in the School of Medicines of Isparta Suleyman Demirel and Trabzon Karadeniz Technical Universities. In these forms they were asked about their approaches to antibiotic prescribing, preferred antibiotics and selection criteria and the influence of the visits from the pharmaceutical industries.
Results: 150 residents had completed the questionnaires. The most common infection was the upper respiratory tract infection and the most preferred antibiotics were ampicillin/sulbactam and amoxicillin/clavulanate.
Conclusion: We conclude that accessibility to laboratory tests is not the only factor affecting common antibiotic prescribing. Clinical diagnosis, personal experiences of the physician and host factors appeared to be the most important factors on antibiotic prescribing. To contribute to the rational use of antimicrobials, it seems to be important to support the residents with guidelines and educate them and the community on this issue.