BURNOUT SYNDROME AMONG RESIDENTS
Objective: Burnout syndrome was first described in health – care professionals and to date, it is known to be a great problem. Burnout syndrome has been described comprehensively by Maslach and Jackson as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decrease in personal competence and success. The aim of this study was toassess Burnout and related factors in medical residents.
Methods: Fifty-two residents (30 male, 22 female) with a mean age of 27.51+2.63 were given a questionnaire with 32 questions found in Maslach Burnout Inventory which assesses three subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and individual success subscale) of Burnout Syndrome. Results were classified as low, moderate and high. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and Spearman’s correlation analysis.
Results: Forty-one residents (78.9%) were living in rented houses, 11(21.1%) were owners of their houses. The mean hours of working was 231.34+21.23 hours/month. Only 40(76.9%) residents could go on vacation. Emotional exhaustion subscale was high in 35(67.3%) residents, was moderate in 17(32.7%), depersonalization subscale was high in 27(51.9%), was moderate in 25(48.1%), individual success subscale was high in 33(63.5%), was moderate in 9(17.3%) and low in 10(19.2%) residents. Results did not seem to correlate with gender, annual income or the state of owning a house. Residents who did not go on vacation or who had longer working hours tended to have higher scores of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion.
Conclusion: We conclude that Burnout Syndrome is a common disorder in residents who cannot go on vacation and have longer working hours.