EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COST-ANALYSIS OF VIRAL HEPATITIS CASES
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine 394 cases hospitalized for viral hepatitis Selçuk University Medical Faculty, Department of Infectious Diseases during the period of 24 months between January 1st 2003 and December 31st 2004.
Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, cases of viral hepatitis were evaluated according to gender, residence, time of the disease and the type of viral hepatitis. Mean hospitalization time and cost of illness were also calculated.
Results: Two hundred fifty three of the cases (64.2%) were male and 141 (35.8%) were female. The numbers of the cases in 2003 were 177 and in 2004 were 217. Of the cases 271 (68.8%) were from the city-center of Konya. In 260 cases (66.0%), chronic hepatitis B, in 94 (23.9%) chronic hepatitis C, in 19 (4.8%) hepatitis A, in 11 (2.8%) acute hepatitis B and in 3 acute hepatitis C was determined. The types could not be determined in 7 (1.8%) of the cases. Mean hospitalization time was 9.9±0.7 days in 2003 and 4.2 ± 0.3 days in 2004. The cost of the illness per person in 147 patients in 2003 was 493.951.000 ± 31.362 TL (330 $), and it was 433.701.000 ± 42.086 TL (301 $) in 131 patients in 2004.
Conclusion: Informing and serving the public about vaccination and the ways of contagion of hepatitis will reduce the prevalence of these infections, loss of money and occupation of hospital beds.