Evaluation of coronary heart disease risk of the families visited by medical students in Adana
Objective: To explore the coronary heart disease risk factors of the families visited between 2004-2005 by the second year students practicing family medicine to determine the high risk individuals and to provide preventive medicine.
Methods: Family members over than 20 years of age from sixty five families visited by the students were invited to the health center by phone between December 2004-January 2005. Ninety nine of 177 individuals (56%) accepted to participate to the study. Three individuals were excluded because of missing data. Socio-demographic information of the individuals was recorded by the medical secretary. The nurse measured blood pressure, body height, weight, waist and hip circumference after ten minutes of rest. A face to face interview explored family history, past medical history, smoking and exercise, venous blood samples were taken.
Results: Of the 96 participants 65 (67.7%), were female, 35 (32.3%) were male and mean age was 43.1 (20-90 year). The incidence of hypertension was higher in females (p=0.012), and smoking was higher in males (p=0.014). We found that hypertension (p=0.038), diabetes (p=0.001) and obesity (p=0.004) increased by age.
Conclusions: The study has shown that modifiable coronary heart disease risk factors were high in the region of our health center and give us the opportunity to provide preventive measures to people under high risk.