EVALUATION OF NUTRITIONAL HABITS OF 14-18 YEARS OLD ADOLESCENTS IN TWO HIGH SCHOOLS
Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the nutritional habits of 721 adolescents all whom were aged between 14-18 years who attended two high schools, one of which was Medine Tayfur Sökmen Lisesi (MTSL) and the other Köy Hizmetleri Anadolu Lisesi (KHAL).
Method: 352 students from KHAL and 369 from MTSL; a total of 721 students were included in the study group. Descriptive methods were used, and personal chracteristics, and nutritional behaviours were asked by a questionnaire. Data were analysed by SPSS software; x2, anova and t test were used.
Results:The ratio of boys and girls were 56.2% and 43.8% respectively. According to the body mass index (BMI) 30.1% of the students at the MTSL and 14.8% of all students at the KHAL were overweight and 26.6% of MTSL students and 21.3% of KHAL students were underweight. Mean height of the KHAL (170.39 cm) was higher than the students at the MTSL (167.52 cm). Mean height of the KHAL and MTSL were both higher than WHO/NCHS standarts. Height of the group may be related to high consumption of dairy products. 66.2% of all students were eating three meals daily. 48.8% of students at MTSL were consuming tea/coffee while 63.1% of students of the other high school were consuming coke and beverages with meal. Fast-food consumption ratios at MTSL and KHAL were 46.6% and 80.7% respectively. All students at both high schools were overconsuming fast-food.
Conclusion: As a result, the high rate of nutritional misbehaviour and high ratio of overweight and underweight students indicates the need for nutritional education programmes for teachers, families and students.