Reasons of incomplete vaccination in children of Van: a descriptive study
Objective: To investigate barriers to vaccination in children.
Methods: A total of 400 children, aged 24 to 78 months seen at Van Mother-Child Health and Family Planning Center between November 1st and March 31st 2009 were included in the study. Data were obtained from the children’s official vaccination records and vaccination scars. A face-to-face interview with the mothers was conducted. Chi square and logistic regression tests were used in statistical analysis with 95% confidence interval (%95 CI); p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The rate of inadequately immunized children was 28.7%. Analysis revealed that children of illiterate fathers, who live in rural areas and of mothers not informed about vaccination were at higher risk for inadequate immunization at 2.68 (95% CI 1.64–4.36), 5.66 (95% CI 2.86–11.19), 2.4 (95% CI 1.44–4.02) folds, respectively. Mothers stated the reasons for incomplete immunization as fear of side effects in 42.6% and parents being busy in 25.2%.
Conclusions: Mothers and fathers need to be educated about the benefits, side effects and barriers to vaccination. In addition, further studies are necessary for determining the reasons and solutions of barriers to vaccination