RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETES MELLITUS: THE REULTS OF HEALTH SCREENING IN MARMARA ISLAND
Objective: Diabetes Mellitus (DM); is a chronic disease that defines a series of metabolic disorders that present with hyperglycemia. Around the world approximately 150 million people suffer from this disease and it’s estimated that this number will reach 215 million by 2010. In a study that was conducted in Turkey (TURDEP), the prevalence of DM was found to be 7.2%. So far, studies show that type 2 DM is a preventable disease. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors in diabetes such as obesity, hypertension, dislypidemia within the residents of Marmara Island.
Methods: This study was conducted in Marmara Island in April 2005 with 198 volunteers. The volunteers were questioned about their demographic charactheristics, medical histories and life styles. After performing systemic physical examination, they were all analyzed for blood pressure, body-mass index (BMI) measurements, blood sugar and total cholesterol levels.
Results: 71.7% of the participants were female and the 28.3% were male. 8.1% were diagnosed with DM, 19.2% were diagnosed with hypertension and %11 were diagnosed with coronary artery diseases. Hyperglycemia was found in 11% of the participants that were not diagnosed with DM and in 23% that were diagnosed. Hypercholesterolemia was found in %34.8 of the subjects. According to height and weight measurements, only 19.7% were within the normal range.
Conclusion: Determining the risk factors for early diagnosis of type 2 DM with periodic health screenings, could help preventing or delaying the onset of disease and to control glycemia.