Self-care agency in diabetic patients
Objective: Diabetes affects individuals and the society by its life-long complications. Self-care agency of diabetic patients has a great value on governance of the disease. The purpose of this study is to analyze the difference among diabetic patients in terms of gender, age, educational level, marital status, socio-economic level and health care attitudes and to determine self-care agency.
Methods: A questionnaire and the Exercise of Self-Care Agency scale was performed to diabetic patients who applied to Dokuz Eylul University Hospital by face-to-face interaction.
Results: A total of 58.4% of the patients were female, the mean age was 60.4±11.5 years. The mean duration of diabetes was 10.1±7.6 years and 42.5% were using insulin. Their mean scores for Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale was 81.6±7.5 (range: 57-110). There were no statistically significant differences for gender (p=0.497), marital status (p=0.305), education level (p=0.865), working status (p=0.868), economic status (p=0.996), smoking (p=0.765), and alcohol usage (p=0.807). The patients with inadequate information about foot care (p=0.008), complications of diabetes (p=0.004) and what to do in hypoglycemia (p=0.044) had statistically significantly lower scores.
Conclusions: Inadequacy of information about main complications and interventions related to diabetes affects self-care management of diabetic patients. Informing and over viewing their knowledge regularly in daily practice will be an effective intervention to promote their self-care agency.