Effect of breast feeding on child growth and development
Certain qualities of human breast milk make it the most suitable nutrition for the new born. All mammalians’ breast milk is suitable to their offspring. Breast feeding is the most convenient food for growth and development of babies and also the most ideal and superior diet to all others. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends feeding babies solely with breast milk for the first 6 months. During the first 6 months of life breast milk is sufficient for the energy and nutritional requirements of the fast growing tissues. Breast milk contains different and various kinds of nucleotides compared to other milks. These nucleotides are estimated to have a role in protein synthesis, thus, they accelerate growth. The omega–3 (n–3) fatty acids which can be found in breast milk but not in other mammalian milks are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have a role in development of the brain and retina. There are some studies showing that children who are sufficiently breastfed and fed only with breast milk in the first 6 months of life have been exposed less to childhood cancers, obesity in adolescent and adulthood and metabolic diseases like diabetes.