Growth charts for 0-18 year old children and adolescents
Closure of epiphysis at 18 years determines the end of growth. Certain factors like puberty, age and gender has a significant role in alteration of growth velocity. Anthropometric measurements of certain body parts may provide significant information about metbolic disorders which are not related with growth process. While some anthropometric measurements are needed to classify metabolic disorders as high or low risk (waist circumference/height), some others (height and weight) are used to calculate body mass index to define metabolic risk for obesity. As various factors may interfere with growth (age, gender, race, nutrition, previous diseases) production of local, international or disorder specific references would be significantly useful in screening or follow-up of growth. In this study the data of DAMTCA-I (Determination of Anthropometric Measurements in Turkish Children and Adolescents I), DAMTCA II and ATCA-06 (Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years) studies was used to produce growth references of weight, height, BMI, waist circumference and neck circumference to calculate the references of 0-18 years age group. We consider that these references would provide useful information to family physicians in their daily practice.