Pregnancy in adolescents, risks and problems
Adolescence is a period characterized by somatic, endocrinologic and psychological development and differentiation. These developments culminate in menarch and, thus, make adolescent girls gaining reproductive potential, vulnerable to gestational complication. Compared with pregnant adults, pregnant adolescents have a higher risk of anemia, preterm birth, postpartum infections giving birth to low birth weight infants and infant mortality. In contrast, pregnant adolescents seemingly have a lower risks for needing Caesarean section, augmentation of labour, and cephalopelvic disproportion. Whether increased risk of gestational complications result from socio-demographic factors paving the way for adolescent pregnancy or biological factors associated with adolescence or a combination of these factors are yet to be determined. It is possible to decrease maternal- fetal morbidity and mortality by the implementation of appropriate antenatal care. In addition, antenatal care can provide early recognition of these complications and also make it possible to refer these patients to appropriate centers. Because of this, it is of utmost importance to motivate pregnant adolescents along with their families to receive appropriate antenatal care.